Science News related to The Age of The Universe, Global Climate Model Projections for Urban Environments, A New State of Matter - Liquid Glass, Modern Microbes - Ancient Ocean, A Cheaper Method to Create Fuels from Plants, Entangling Electrons with Heat
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Source: Cornell University 4 Jan 2021
From an observatory high above Chile’s Atacama Desert, astronomers have taken a new look at the oldest light in the universe. Their observations, plus a bit of cosmic geometry, suggest that the universe is 13.77 billion years old – give or take 40 million years. A researcher co-authored one of two papers about the findings, which add a fresh twist to an ongoing debate in the astrophysics community.
Original written by: Linda Glaser
Source: University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, News Bureau 4 Jan 2021
Cities only occupy about 3% of the Earth’s total land surface, but they bear the burden of the human-perceived effects of global climate change, researchers said. In a new study, researchers took a closer look at how climate change affects cities by using data-driven statistical models combined with traditional process-driven physical climate models.
Original written by: Lois Yoksoulian
Source: University of Konstanz 5 Jan 2021
The discovery of liquid glass sheds light on the old scientific problem of the glass transition: An interdisciplinary team of researchers has uncovered a new state of matter, liquid glass, with previously unknown structural elements – new insights into the nature of glass and its transitions.
Source: University of Colorado at Boulder 6 Jan 2021
Scientists have discovered that a type of single-celled organism living in modern-day oceans may have a lot in common with life forms that existed billions of years ago—and that fundamentally transformed Earth. The new research is the latest to probe the lives of what may be nature’s hardest working microbes: cyanobacteria.
Original written by: Daniel Strain
Source: Ohio State University 8 Jan 2021
Scientists have figured out a cheaper, more efficient way to conduct a chemical reaction at the heart of many biological processes, which may lead to better ways to create biofuels from plants. Scientists around the world have been trying for years to create biofuels and other bioproducts more cheaply; this study suggests that it is possible to do so.
Original written by: Laura Arenschield
Source: Aalto University 8 Jan 2021
A joint group of scientists has demonstrated that temperature difference can be used to entangle pairs of electrons in normal conductors in contact with superconducting structures. The experimental discovery promises powerful applications in quantum devices, bringing us one step closer towards applications of the second quantum revolution.