Week in Health (10 – 16 Apr 2021)

Health News related to Personalized Cancer Vaccine, Starving Brain Tumours, Centrifugal Multispun Nanofibers, Exercise Promoting Healthy Life, Why Some of Us Are Hungry All the Time, Spanking – Brain Development in Children, Powered Prosthetic Ankles, Dietary Cocoa, Air Pollutant - Severe Asthma, Wearable Antennas, COVID Reinfection in Young People, Sex Differences in Autism

Note: None of the news bits (and cover picture) given here are written/owned by NewAnced's authors. The links on each of the news bits will redirect to the news source. Content given under each headline is a basic gist and not the full story.

1. Personalized Cancer Vaccine Is Safe, Shows Potential Benefit Against Multiple Tumor Types

Source: The Mount Sinai Hospital / Mount Sinai School of Medicine 12 Apr 2021

A personalized cancer vaccine developed with the help of a computational platform raised no safety concerns and showed potential benefit in patients with different cancers, including lung and bladder, that have a high risk of recurrence, according to research. Researchers saw early potential benefits of the vaccine after blood tests of one of the patients showed an immune response from the vaccine, and two other patients had robust response to immunotherapy afterward, results that are normal after being exposed to a cancer vaccine.

2. Researchers Discover New Way to Starve Brain Tumours

Source: Queen Mary University of London 12 Apr 2021

Scientists have found a new way to starve cancerous brain tumour cells of energy in order to prevent further growth. The pre-clinical research in human tissue samples, human cell lines and mice could lead to changes in the way that some children with medulloblastoma are treated in the future, if the findings are confirmed in human clinical trials.

3. Centrifugal Multispun Nanofibers Put a New Spin on COVID-19 Masks​

Source: The Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST) 12 Apr 2021

Researchers have developed a novel nanofiber production technique called ‘centrifugal multispinning’ that will open the door for the safe and cost-effective mass production of high-performance polymer nanofibers. This new technique, which has shown up to a 300 times higher nanofiber production rate per hour than that of the conventional electrospinning method, has many potential applications including the development of face mask filters for coronavirus protection.

4. Exercise Promotes Healthy Living and a Healthy Liver

Source: University of Tsukuba 12 Apr 2021

Researchers show that in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, regimented exercise has beneficial effects on the liver that are unrelated to weight loss, and they reveal the mechanisms underlying these benefits. The researchers revealed the positive effects, beyond the expected weight-loss benefit, of exercise on the liver.

5. New Research Reveals Why Some of Us Are Hungry All the Time

Source: King's College London 12 Apr 2021

New research shows that people who experience big dips in blood sugar levels, several hours after eating, end up feeling hungrier and consuming hundreds more calories during the day than others. The research team found why some people struggle to lose weight, even on calorie-controlled diets, and highlight the importance of understanding personal metabolism when it comes to diet and health.

6. Spanking May Affect Brain Development in Children

Source: Harvard University 12 Apr 2021

Spanking may affect a child’s brain development in ways similar to more severe forms of violence, according to a new study. The group found that children who had been spanked had a greater neural response in multiple regions of the prefrontal cortex (PFC), including in regions that are part of the salience network. These areas of the brain respond to cues in the environment that tend to be consequential, such as a threat, and may affect decision-making and processing of situations.

Original written by: Manisha Aggarwal-Schifellite

7. Powered Prosthetic Ankles Can Restore a Wide Range of Functions for Amputees

Source: North Carolina State University 13 Apr 2021

A recent case study demonstrates that, with training, neural control of a powered prosthetic ankle can restore a wide range of abilities, including standing on very challenging surfaces and squatting. The researchers are currently working with a larger group of study participants to see how broadly applicable the findings may be.

Original written by: Matt Shipman

8. Dietary Cocoa Improves Health of Obese Mice; Likely Has Implications for Humans

Source: Penn State 13 Apr 2021

Supplementation of cocoa powder in the diet of high-fat-fed mice with liver disease markedly reduced the severity of their condition, according to researchers, who suggest the results have implications for people. Cocoa powder, a popular food ingredient most commonly used in the production of chocolate, is rich in fiber, iron and phytochemicals reported to have positive health benefits, including antioxidant polyphenols and methylxanthines.

Original written by: Jeff Mulhollem

9. Air Pollutant is Likely Contributor to Most Severe Asthma Species

Source: Lehigh University 14 Apr 2021

For the first time, an analysis identifies non-atopic childhood asthma (non Th-2) as more than a set of symptoms, but a distinct disease, driven by early exposure to Benzo[a]pyrene from fossil fuel combustion. The study has shown that not only is non-Th2 a distinct disease, its likely inducer is early childhood exposure to airborne Benzo[a]pyrene, a byproduct of fossil fuel combustion.

Original written by: Lori Friedman

10. Stretching the Boundaries of Medical Tech with Wearable Antennas

Source: Penn State 14 Apr 2021

Researchers led two international collaborations to prototype a wireless, wearable transmitter while also improving the transmitter design process. The transmitter, which can send wireless data at a range of nearly 300 feet, can easily integrate a number of computer chips or sensors. With further research, it could have applications in health monitoring and clinical treatments, as well as energy generation and storage.

Original written by: Gabrielle Stewart

11. Past COVID-19 Infection Does Not Fully Protect Young People Against Reinfection, Study Shows

Source: The Mount Sinai Hospital / Mount Sinai School of Medicine 15 Apr 2021

Antibodies induced by infection with SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19, do not completely protect young people against reinfection, as evidenced through a study of more than 3,000 young, healthy members of the U.S. Marine Corps conducted by researchers.

12. Researchers Find Clues to Sex Differences in Autism

Source: Yale University 16 Apr 2021

Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a developmental disorder that can interfere with the ability to interact, communicate, and learn. Researchers find that autism may develop in different regions of the brain in girls than boys and that girls with autism have a larger number of genetic mutations than boys, suggesting that they require a larger “genetic hit” to develop the disorder.

Original written by: Brita Belli

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